The need for shoulder surgery is based on damage to the shoulder and an attempt to repair the damage. If you have a torn tendon then drilling holes into the bone and fixing anchors with wires to reattach the tendon is the process during arthroscopic surgery.
Types of shoulder surgeries
Depending on what is torn or damaged will determine the type of surgery.
For an Impingement Syndrome a Sub-acromial Decompression or SAD is considered. This is a cleaning out and shaving of the bone to create more room for the head of the humerus. This reduces the pinching of the rotator cuff. This type of procedure is often done during a rotator cuff repair.
Rotator Cuff Repair
A torn Rotator Cuff is more commonly the supraspinatus tendon but you can have tears to the infraspinatus and subscapularis. Each tendon injury has a different post-operative recovery protocol that will be determined by your surgeon and physical therapist.
A Bankart Repair is done to repair a torn labrum. Limiting your external rotation or outward rotation of the arm is necessary during the first part of your recovery. This is because your shoulder was unstable because of this injury.
It can take months to a year to recovery from shoulder surgery. Make sure surgery is necessary. Have you had physical therapy to restore normal mechanics? Exercises alone are usually not enough. Wearing a sling is needed following shoulder surgery to help with healing and to prevent an injury of re-tearing of the rotator cuff. Here are some links to videos on wearing a sling.
Putting on a sling.
Sleeping with a sling.
Did you know that Diagnostic Ultrasound has the same sensitivity as MRI? Check out this link to find out more.