The most common ankle sprain is an inversion ankle sprain. This is where you roll your ankle inward. Swelling can be significant and ligament tears as well as joint injuries, even fractures can occur. Thankfully most ankle injuries are a joint sprain to the lateral malleolus or distal tibio-fibular joint. This is the outside ankle bone. Swelling is typically on the front and side of the ankle. Stiffness of the ankle is common.
Things to look for
Unable to stand on one leg without pain
Swelling and bruising around the ankle joint
Loss of ankle motion
Pain with turning your toes inward
You should start doing this…
This old acronym remains a great foundation for treating ankle sprains.
Rest your ankle, get off of it. Crutches sometimes are needed. If it hurts to put weight on your foot then non-weight bearing is appropriate.
Ice your ankle 4 to 5 times a day for 15 to 20 minutes. Ice is one of the best ways to reduce swelling.
Put a tensor or ACE wrap on your ankle, starting from the bottom and moving up in a angled fashion.
When you are sitting down, prop your injured foot up. This will help with swelling. Get your ankle above your knee, above your hip.
There is a quick test to know if you have sprained your ankle joint and a great taping technique to speed up healing. Check this video out.
Ankle Sprain Evaluation and Treatment